Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay


Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay

Born: September 15, 1876, in Debanandapur, Hooghly, West Bengal, India.

Family: Born into a poverty-stricken family. His father, Motilal Chattopadhyay, was often restless and unable to provide a stable home.

Education: Largely self-educated due to limited resources. He found solace in literature from a young age and drew inspiration from both Bengali and Western works.

Personal Life: Experienced personal hardship; a number of close relatives passed away during his lifetime.

Death: January 16, 1938, in Calcutta (now Kolkata) after suffering from liver cancer.

Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay: Literary Icon

Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay (also spelled Sarat Chandra Chatterjee, 1876-1938) was one of the most influential figures in Bengali literature. His novels and short stories, known for their realistic portrayals of society and deep explorations of human relationships, continue to be widely read and celebrated.


Life: Born into a poor family in rural Bengal, he had a difficult childhood, yet displayed immense literary talent early on.
Upbringing: He experienced financial hardship and faced societal challenges, themes that he would weave into his literary works.

Literary Focus

Social Realism: Sarat Chandra’s writings are known for their focus on social injustices, rural life, the plight of women, and the struggles against societal norms.
Style: He wrote in a simple yet impactful style, creating relatable characters and situations that resonated with readers.

Famous Works


Devdas (1917) – A tragic love story that explores societal expectations and individual desires.
Parineeta (1914) – A story of social reform and the complexities of arranged marriages.
Palli Samaj (1916) – A portrayal of rural Bengal and its social dynamics.
Charitraheen (1917) – An examination of gender roles and moral dilemmas.
Srikanta (in four parts, 1917-1933) – A multi-part novel exploring the themes of love, friendship, and social upheaval.

Short stories:

Sarat Chandra was also a master of short stories, collections like “Bindur Chhele” and “Ramer Sumati” showcasing his understanding of human nature.


Influence: He remains one of the most popular and widely read Bengali authors with his stories frequently adapted into films and television shows.
Pioneer: He is celebrated for his social commentary and for giving voice to marginalized characters.

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